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Importance of self-discipline Discipline is of two kinds - inborn and acquired. (There must be an innate capacity for self-discipline for the reasons given below). Instruction and training can promote discipline only in a person capable of benefiting from them, people incapable of (natural) self-discipline do not benefit. Learning imparts discipline only to those who have the following mental facilities - obedience to a teacher, desire and ability to learn, capacity to retain what is learned, understanding what is learned, reflecting on it and (finally) ability to make inferences by deliberating on the knowledge acquired. Those who are devoid of such mental faculties are not benefited (by any amount of training) One who will be a king should acquire discipline and follow it strictly in life by learning the sciences from authoritative teachers.

The training of a Prince

With improving his self-discipline, he should always associate with learned elders, for in them alone has discipline its firm roots. For a trained intellect ensues yoga (successful application), from yoga comes self-possession. This is what is meant by efficiency in acquiring knowledge. Only a king, who is wise, disciplined, devoted to a just governing of the subjects & conscious of the welfare of all beings, will enjoy the earth unopposed.

Maintenance of Law and Order

A conducive atmosphere is necessary for the state's economy to thrive. This requires that a state's law and order be maintained. Arthashastra specifies fines and punishments to support strict enforcement of laws. The science of law enforcement is also called Dandaniti.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 I. W. Mabbett, "The Date of the Arthaśāstra", Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 2(April 1964): 162-169. ISSN 0003-0279
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Thomas R. Trautmann, Kauṭilya and the Arthaśāstra: A Statistical Investigation of the Authorship and Evolution of the Text. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1971).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Roger Boesche, "Kautilya's Arthaśāstra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India." The Journal of Military History 67 (1)(January 2003): 9-37 ISSN 0899-3718
  4. ↑ Roger Boesche, The First Great Political Realist: Kautilya and His Arthashastra (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2002, ISBN 0739104012), 17.
  5. ↑ R.K. Sen and R.L. Basu, Economics in Arthasastra (New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications, 2006).
  6. ↑ C. Tisdell, Elephants and polity in ancient India as exemplified by Kautilya's Arthasastra. (Science of Polity). Working papers in Economics, Ecology and the Environment No. 120. (Brisbane, Queensland: School of Economics, University of Queensland, 2005).
  7. ↑ Chapter XIX, “The Duties of a King” in Book I. “Concerning Discipline” of the Arthasástra of Kautilya, in Kautilya's Arthashastra: Book I: Concerning Discipline. Translated by R. Shamasastry Retrieved January 6, 2009.

References

  • Boesche, Roger. The First Great Political Realist: Kautilya and His Arthashastra. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2002. ISBN 0739104012.
  • Boesche, Roger. "Kautilya's Arthaśāstra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India." The Journal of Military History 67 (1)(January 2003): 9-37.
  • Burrow, T. "Cāṇakya and Kauṭalya," Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 48-49 (1968): 17
  • Cleary, T.F. The Art of Wealth: Strategies for Success Health Communications, 1998. ISBN 978-1558745414.
  • Kautilya. R. P. Kangle (tr.). Arthashastra 3 vols. Motilal, New Delhi: Laurier Books, 1997. ISBN 8120800427.
  • Kautilya. L.N. Rangarajan, (ed. and tr.). The Arthashastra. Penguin Classics, India. 1992. ISBN 0140446036.
  • Mabbett, I. W. "The Date of the Arthaśāstra." Journal of the American Oriental Society 84 (2)(April 1964): 162-169.
  • Sen, R.K., and R.L. Basu. Economics in Arthasastra. New Delhi: Deep & Deep Publications, 2005. ISBN 978-8171008247.
  • Tisdell, C. "Elephants and polity in ancient India as exemplified by Kautilya's Arthasastra." (Science of Polity). Working papers in Economics, Ecology and the Environment, No. 120. Brisbane, Queensland: School of Economics, University of Queensland, 2005.
  • Trautmann, Thomas R. Kauṭilya and the Arthaśāstra: A Statistical Investigation of the Authorship and Evolution of the Text. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1971.

External links

All links retrieved November 23, 2016.

  • The Arthashastra - Kautilya
  • Kautilya and Arthashastra
  • Balbir S. Sihag, A simple translation of complete Arthashastra of Kautilya Accounting Historians Journal (Dec 2004)

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