In addition to the value of her legacy of patronage, Jeanne is the matriarch of the House of Vallois which continued to rule France until 1589. During this period, France moved increasingly towards a centralized system of governance with Kings claiming to rule by divine right. On the other hand, royal patronage of learning and the desire for France to be a cultural leader as well as an economic and military power in Europe made France a powerhouse for intellectual development. As the notion of the nation-state developed, this led to the demand for greater participation in governance by the non-elite, traditionally excluded from the corridors of power.

Few French Queens have wielded as much influence as Jeanne did. Her serious interest in learning while her husband pursued military goals and spent money on entertainment significantly contributed to a tendency in France for learning to become state sponsored, a priority of the court. This has been described as the transfer of learning from "clergy to court." This trend, which began during Philip IV's reign, was sustained through Philip VI's by the Queen rather than the king. Although learning was an elite activity, it was also a lay activity and eventually informed a "broader lay political consciousness" because it was also conducted in the vernacular.11 Eventually, ideas generated by this learning challenged royal power.


  1. ↑ Andre Saglio, French Furniture (Thomaston, GA: JM Classic Editions, 2007, ISBN 9781905217625), 31.
  2. ↑ Women in Power, Regent Queen Jeanne de Bourgogne of France. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
  3. ↑ Knecht (2004), 11.
  4. ↑ Overy (2004), 160.
  5. ↑ Duby (1993), 274.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kibler (1995), 492.
  7. ↑ Emmerson (2006), 528.
  8. ↑ Knecht (2004), 11.
  9. ↑ McCash (1996), xi.
  10. ↑ McCash (1996), xvii.
  11. ↑ Rita Copeland, Rhetoric, Hermeneutics, and Translation in the Middle Ages: Academic Traditions and Vernacular Texts (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 9780521385176), 135.


  • Emmerson, Richard Kenneth, and Sandra Clayton-Emmerson. 2006. Key Figures in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 9780415973854.
  • Duby, Georges. 1993. France in the Middle Ages 987-1460: from Hugh Capet to Joan of Arc. A History of France. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631189459.
  • Kibler, William W. 1995. Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Garland Pub. ISBN 9780824044442.
  • Knecht, R.J. 2004. The Valois: Kings of France, 1328-1589. London, UK: Hambledon and London. ISBN 9781852854201.
  • McCash, June Hall. 1996. The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820317021.
  • Overy, Richard. 2004. The Times Complete History of the World, 6th ed. New York, NY: Barnes and Noble. ISBN 076077840X.

External Links

All links retrieved May 9, 2018.

  • JEANNE "la Boiteuse" de Bourgogne.