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Possible tsunami

  • 35 million years ago - Chesapeake Bay impact crater, Chesapeake Bay
  • 9 June 1913 - Longport, NJ
  • 6 August 1923 - Rockaway Park, Queens, NY .
  • 8 August 1924 - Coney Island, NY .
  • 19 August 1931 - Atlantic City, NJ
  • 22 June 1932 - Cuyutlán, Colima, Mexico
  • 19 May 1964 - Northeast USA
  • 4 July 1992 - Daytona Beach, FL

Source: NOAA National Weather Service Forecast Office, 2

European tsunami

  • 6100 B.C.E. - Storegga Slide, Norway
  • October 16, 1979 - 23 people died when the coast of Nice, France, was hit by a tsunami. This may have had a man-made cause: construction at the new Nice airport creating an undersea landslide.16 17

Other historic tsunami

Other tsunami that have occurred include the following:

  • ca. 500 B.C.E.: Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, India, Maldives
  • ca. 450 B.C.E.: The Greek historian Thucydides in his book History of the Peloponnesian Wars, speculated about the causes of tsunami. He argued that it could only be explained as a consequence of ocean earthquakes, and could see no other possible causes for the phenomenon.
  • 1541: a tsunami struck the earliest European settlement in Brazil, São Vicente. There is no record of deaths or injuries, but the town was almost completely destroyed.
  • January 20, 1606/1607: along the coast of the Bristol Channel thousands of people were drowned, houses and villages swept away, farmland was inundated and flocks were destroyed by a flood that might have been a tsunami. While it is quite possible that it was caused by a combination of meteorological extremes and tidal peaks, recent evidence points more strongly towards a tsunami.18

See also

Notes

  1. ↑ Can It Happen Here? USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  2. ↑ The Aitape 1998 tsunami: Reconstructing the event from interviews and field mapping. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  3. ↑ The Tsunami Story. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  4. ↑ Tsunami: Anatomy of a disaster. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  5. ↑ Christine Kenneally, 2004, Surviving the Tsunami. Slate. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  6. ↑ Tsunami villagers give thanks to trees. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  7. ↑ Jean-Daniel Stanley and Thomas F. Jorstad. 2005. The 365 C.E. tsunami destruction of Alexandria, Egypt: erosion, deformation of strata and introduction of allochthonous material. GSA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  8. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1707. The Orphan Tsunami of 1700-Japanese Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America. USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  9. ↑ 安政南海地震. (Japanese). Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  10. ↑ Emergency & Disasters Data Base. CRED. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  11. ↑ Descriptive Model of the July 17, 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami. USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  12. ↑ Dec 26, 2004 Magnitude 9.0 Earthquake & Tsunami in the Indian Ocean. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  13. ↑ Strong quake jolts Japan, tsunami alert issued. Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  14. ↑ Mitch Marconi, 2007. Second Japan Earthquake In Sea Of Japan 6.8 Magnitude, Tsunami Fear. The Post Chronicle. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  15. ↑ 1 Tsunamis & Seiches. ASC India.org. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  16. ↑ Marine Georesources & Geotechnology. Taylor & Francis Group. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  17. ↑ TSUNAMIS ET RAZ DE MAREE HISTORIQUES. (French). Azurseisme. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  18. ↑ Was Bristol Channel hit by a tsunami? information from Edward A. Bryant and Simon K. Haslett, "Catastrophic Wave Erosion, Bristol Channel, United Kingson: Impact of Tsunami?" The Journal of Geology 115: 253-269. Eurekalert. Retrieved August 18, 2007.

References

  • Dudley, Walter C. & Min Lee. 1988. Tsunami! Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0824811259.
  • Iwan, W.D., ed. 2006. Summary report of the Great Sumatra Earthquakes and Indian Ocean tsunamis of 26 December 2004 and 28 March 2005: Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Oakland, CA: EERI. ISBN 193288419X
  • Kenneally, Christine. 2004). Surviving the Tsunami. Slate.com. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  • Macey, Richard. 2005. "The Big Bang that Triggered A Tragedy," The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 - quoting Dr Mark Leonard, seismologist at Geoscience Australia.
  • Lambourne, Helen. 2005. Tsunami: Anatomy of a disaster. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  • Tsunamis: Tsunamis travel fast but not at infinite speed. abelard.org. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
  • The NOAA's page on the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.

External links

All links retrieved December 18, 2015.

  • NOVA: Wave That Shook The World - Site and special report shot within days of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
  • NOAA Tsunami - General description of tsunamis and the United States agency NOAA's role in Tsunami hazard assessment, preparedness, education, forecasts & warnings, response, and research.
  • Can HF Radar detect Tsunamis? - University of Hamburg HF-Radar.
  • The International Centre for Geohazards (ICG).
  • NOAA Center for Tsunami Research (incorporates the PMEL Tsunami Research Program) (United States).
  • USGS: Surviving a tsunami (United States).
  • Pacific Tsunami Museum.
  • Tsunamis and Earthquakes.
  • Tsunami Centers - United States National Weather Service.
  • What Causes a Tsunami?.
  • Satellite Images of Tsunami Affected Areas High resolution satellite images showing the effects of the 2004 tsunami on the affected areas in Indonesia, Thailand and Nicobar island of India.
  • Computer-generated animation of a tsunami.
  • Animations of actual and simulated tsunami events from the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research.
  • How do tsunamis differ from other water waves?.
  • Origin of a Tsunami - animation showing how the shifting of continental plates in the Indian Ocean created the catastrophe of December 26th 2004.

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