- 35 million years ago - Chesapeake Bay impact crater, Chesapeake Bay
- 9 June 1913 - Longport, NJ
- 6 August 1923 - Rockaway Park, Queens, NY .
- 8 August 1924 - Coney Island, NY .
- 19 August 1931 - Atlantic City, NJ
- 22 June 1932 - Cuyutlán, Colima, Mexico
- 19 May 1964 - Northeast USA
- 4 July 1992 - Daytona Beach, FL
Source: NOAA National Weather Service Forecast Office, 2
- 6100 B.C.E. - Storegga Slide, Norway
- October 16, 1979 - 23 people died when the coast of Nice, France, was hit by a tsunami. This may have had a man-made cause: construction at the new Nice airport creating an undersea landslide.16 17
Other historic tsunami
Other tsunami that have occurred include the following:
- ca. 500 B.C.E.: Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, India, Maldives
- ca. 450 B.C.E.: The Greek historian Thucydides in his book History of the Peloponnesian Wars, speculated about the causes of tsunami. He argued that it could only be explained as a consequence of ocean earthquakes, and could see no other possible causes for the phenomenon.
- 1541: a tsunami struck the earliest European settlement in Brazil, São Vicente. There is no record of deaths or injuries, but the town was almost completely destroyed.
- January 20, 1606/1607: along the coast of the Bristol Channel thousands of people were drowned, houses and villages swept away, farmland was inundated and flocks were destroyed by a flood that might have been a tsunami. While it is quite possible that it was caused by a combination of meteorological extremes and tidal peaks, recent evidence points more strongly towards a tsunami.18
- ↑ Can It Happen Here? USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ The Aitape 1998 tsunami: Reconstructing the event from interviews and field mapping. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ The Tsunami Story. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Tsunami: Anatomy of a disaster. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Christine Kenneally, 2004, Surviving the Tsunami. Slate. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Tsunami villagers give thanks to trees. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Jean-Daniel Stanley and Thomas F. Jorstad. 2005. The 365 C.E. tsunami destruction of Alexandria, Egypt: erosion, deformation of strata and introduction of allochthonous material. GSA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1707. The Orphan Tsunami of 1700-Japanese Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America. USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ 安政南海地震. (Japanese). Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Emergency & Disasters Data Base. CRED. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Descriptive Model of the July 17, 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami. USGS. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Dec 26, 2004 Magnitude 9.0 Earthquake & Tsunami in the Indian Ocean. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Strong quake jolts Japan, tsunami alert issued. Reuters. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Mitch Marconi, 2007. Second Japan Earthquake In Sea Of Japan 6.8 Magnitude, Tsunami Fear. The Post Chronicle. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ 1 Tsunamis & Seiches. ASC India.org. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Marine Georesources & Geotechnology. Taylor & Francis Group. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ TSUNAMIS ET RAZ DE MAREE HISTORIQUES. (French). Azurseisme. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ↑ Was Bristol Channel hit by a tsunami? information from Edward A. Bryant and Simon K. Haslett, "Catastrophic Wave Erosion, Bristol Channel, United Kingson: Impact of Tsunami?" The Journal of Geology 115: 253-269. Eurekalert. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- Dudley, Walter C. & Min Lee. 1988. Tsunami! Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0824811259.
- Iwan, W.D., ed. 2006. Summary report of the Great Sumatra Earthquakes and Indian Ocean tsunamis of 26 December 2004 and 28 March 2005: Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Oakland, CA: EERI. ISBN 193288419X
- Kenneally, Christine. 2004). Surviving the Tsunami. Slate.com. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- Macey, Richard. 2005. "The Big Bang that Triggered A Tragedy," The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 - quoting Dr Mark Leonard, seismologist at Geoscience Australia.
- Lambourne, Helen. 2005. Tsunami: Anatomy of a disaster. BBC News. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- Tsunamis: Tsunamis travel fast but not at infinite speed. abelard.org. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- The NOAA's page on the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. NOAA. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
All links retrieved December 18, 2015.
- NOVA: Wave That Shook The World - Site and special report shot within days of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
- NOAA Tsunami - General description of tsunamis and the United States agency NOAA's role in Tsunami hazard assessment, preparedness, education, forecasts & warnings, response, and research.
- Can HF Radar detect Tsunamis? - University of Hamburg HF-Radar.
- The International Centre for Geohazards (ICG).
- NOAA Center for Tsunami Research (incorporates the PMEL Tsunami Research Program) (United States).
- USGS: Surviving a tsunami (United States).
- Pacific Tsunami Museum.
- Tsunamis and Earthquakes.
- Tsunami Centers - United States National Weather Service.
- What Causes a Tsunami?.
- Satellite Images of Tsunami Affected Areas High resolution satellite images showing the effects of the 2004 tsunami on the affected areas in Indonesia, Thailand and Nicobar island of India.
- Computer-generated animation of a tsunami.
- Animations of actual and simulated tsunami events from the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research.
- How do tsunamis differ from other water waves?.
- Origin of a Tsunami - animation showing how the shifting of continental plates in the Indian Ocean created the catastrophe of December 26th 2004.