Pin
Send
Share
Send


Family Bufonidae (Gray, 1825) - True Toads:

  • Adenomus (Cope, 1861)
  • Altiphrynoides (Dubois, 1987)
  • Andinophryne (Hoogmoed, 1985)
  • Ansonia (Stoliczka, 1870)
  • Atelophryniscus (McCranie, Wilson & Williams, 1989)
  • Atelopus (Duméril & Bibron, 1841)
  • Bufo (Laurenti, 1768)
  • Bufoides (Pillai & Yazdani, 1973)
  • Capensibufo (Grandison, 1980)
  • Churamiti (Channing & Stanley, 2002)
  • Crepidophryne (Cope, 1889)
  • Dendrophryniscus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1871)
  • Didynamipus (Andersson, 1903)
  • Frostius (Cannatella, 1986)
  • Laurenhryne (Tihen, 1960)
  • Leptophryne (Fitzinger, 1843)
  • Melanophryniscus (Gallardo, 1961)
  • Mertensophryne (Tihen, 1960)
  • Metaphryniscus (Señaris, Ayarzagüena & Gorzula, 1994)
  • Nectophryne (Buchholz & Peters, 1875)
  • Nectophrynoides (Noble, 1926)
  • Nimbaphrynoides (Dubois, 1987)
  • Oreophrynella (Boulenger, 1895)
  • Osornophryne (Ruiz-Carranza & Hernández-Camacho, 1976)
  • Parapelophryne (Fei, Ye & Jiang, 2003)
  • Pedostibes (Günther, 1876)
  • Pelophryne (Barbour, 1938)
  • Pseudobufo (Tschudi, 1838)
  • Rhamphophryne (Trueb, 1971)
  • Schismaderma (Smith, 1849)
  • Spinophrynoides (Dubois, 1987)
  • Stephopaedes (Channing, 1979)
  • Truebella (Graybeal & Cannatella, 1995)
  • Werneria (Poche, 1903)
  • Wolterstorffina (Mertens, 1939)

Other toad families

Family Bombinatoridae (Gray, 1825) - Fire-bellied Toads:

  • Barbourula (Taylor & Noble, 1924)
  • Bombina (Oken, 1816)

Family Brachyctpoephalidae (Günther, 1858) - Shield Toads:

  • Brachycephalus (Fitzinger, 1826)

Family Discoglossidae (Günther, 1858)

  • Alytes (Wagler, 1830) - Midwife Toad

Family Microhylidae (Günther, 1858)

  • Subfamily Microhylinae - Narrowmouthed Toads:
    • Gastrophryne (Fitzinger, 1843)

Family Pelobatidae (Bonaparte, 1850) - European Spadefoot Toads:

  • Pelobates (Wagler, 1830)

Family Scaphiopodidae (Cope, 1865) - North American Spadefoot Toads:

  • Scaphiopus (Holbrook, 1836)
  • Spea (Cope, 1866)

Family Rhinophrynidae (Günther, 1859) - Burrowing Toads:

  • Rhinophrynus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

References

  • Beebee, T. J. C. 1995. “Amphibian breeding and climate.” Nature, 374: 219-220.
  • DeGraaff, R. M. 1991. The Book of the Toad: A Natural and Magical History of Toad-Human Relations. Rochester, Vt: Park Street Press. ISBN 0892812613.
  • Towle, A. 1989. Modern Biology. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0030139198.

Pin
Send
Share
Send