(Note: The figure for Singapore is skewed because of its small
population compared with its large oil refining capacity.
Most of this oil is sent to other countries.)
Top petroleum-producing countries
Source: Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government.
For oil reserves by country, see Oil reserves by country.Oil producing countries
In order of amount produced in 2004 in MMbbl/d & ML/d:#Producing Nation for 2004(×106bbl/d)(×103m³/d)1Saudi Arabia (OPEC)10.371,6492Russia9.271,4743United States 18.691,3824Iran (OPEC)4.096505Mexico 13.836096China 13.625767Norway 13.185068Canada 1,33.144999Venezuela (OPEC) 12.8645510United Arab Emirates (OPEC)2.7643911Kuwait (OPEC)2.5139912Nigeria (OPEC)2.5139913United Kingdom 12.0833114Iraq (OPEC) 22.03323
1 peak production of conventional oil already passed in this state
2 Though still a member, Iraq has not been included in production figures since 1998
3 Canada has the world's second largest oil reserves when tar sands are included, and is the leading source of U.S. imports, averaging 1.7 MMbbl/d in April 2006 1.
Top petroleum-exporting countriesOil exports by country
In order of amount exported in 2003:
- Saudi Arabia (OPEC)
- Norway 1
- Iran (OPEC)
- United Arab Emirates (OPEC)
- Venezuela (OPEC) 1
- Kuwait (OPEC)
- Nigeria (OPEC)
- Mexico 1
- Algeria (OPEC)
- Libya (OPEC) 1
1 peak production already passed in this state
Note that the USA consumes almost all of its own production, while the UK has recently become a net-importer rather than net-exporter.
Total world production/consumption (as of 2005) is approximately 84 million barrels per day.
See also: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Top petroleum-consuming countries#Consuming Nation(bbl/day)(m³/day)1United States20,030,0003,184,5162China6,391,0001,016,0883Japan5,578,000886,8314Russia2,800,000445,1645Germany2,677,000425,6096India2,320,000368,8517Canada2,300,000365,6718South Korea2,061,000327,6739France2,060,000327,51410Italy1,874,000297,94211Saudi Arabia1,775,000282,20212Mexico1,752,000278,54613United Kingdom1,722,000273,77614Brazil1,610,000255,970
Source: CIA World Factbook
Top petroleum-importing countriesOil imports by country#Importing Nation(bbl/day)(m³/day)1United States13,150,0002,790,6832Japan5,449,000866,3223China3,226,000512,8934Netherlands2,284,000363,1275France2,281,000362,6506South Korea2,263,000359,7887Italy2,158,000343,0958Germany2,135,000339,4389India2,090,000332,28310Spain1,582,000251,51811United Kingdom1,084,000172,34212Belgium1,042,000165,66513Canada963,000153,10514Turkey616,50098,016
Source: CIA World Factbook
Top petroleum non-producing and consuming countries#Consuming Nation(bbl/day)(m³/day)1Japan5,578,000886,8312Germany2,677,000425,6093India2,320,000368,8514South Korea2,061,000327,6735France2,060,000327,5146Italy1,874,000297,9427Spain1,537,000244,3638Netherlands946,700150,513
Source : CIA World Factbook
- Fossil fuel
- Global warming
- Greenhouse gases
- Mineral oil
- Natural gas
- ↑ Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS), by the American Petroleum Institute
- ↑ "Crude oil is made into different fuels". Energy Kids Page. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ EIA reserves estimates. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ CERA report on total world oil. CERA. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ WebMOHeat of Combustion of Fuels.Classroom-tested WebMO Exercises. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Petroleum Study. DOE "Technical and Scientific Information" Bridge. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis Malaysia. Shell Oil. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Sasol corporate website. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Encyclopedia Britannica, (1911 ed.) "Petroleum."
- ↑ Ibid.
- ↑ Kasem Ajram. The Miracle of Islam Science. (Lincolnshire, IL: Knowledge House Publishers, 1992. ISBN 0911119434).
- ↑ Encyclopedia Britannica (1911)
- ↑ Pechelbronn History of Pechelbronn oil. The Oil Museum. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Ibid.
- ↑ Encyclopedia Britannica. (1911)
- ↑ Ibid.
- ↑ Stanislave Patin. Waste discharges during the offshore oil and gas activity. Offshore-environment.com. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ New study raises doubts about Saudi oil reserves.(March 31, 2004) Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS). Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- ↑ Kenneth Deffeyes. Beyond Oil: The View from Hubbert's Peak. New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 2005. ISBN 080902957X.
- Conaway, Charles F. 1999. The Petroleum Industry: A Nontechnical Guide. Tulsa, OK: PennWell. ISBN 0878147772
- Hyne, Norman J. 2001. Nontechnical Guide to Petroleum Geology, Exploration, Drilling, and Production, 2nd ed. Tulsa, OK: PennWell. ISBN 087814823X
- McCain, William D. 1989. The Properties of Petroleum Fluids. Tulsa, OK: PennWell. ISBN 0878143351
- Meyers, Robert A. 2004. Handbook of Petroleum Refining Processes, 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Handbooks. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071391096
All links retrieved March 18, 2019.
- OTS Heavy Oil Science Centre (includes overview of all phases of the oil industry).
- US Energy Information Administration - Part of the informative website of the US Government's Energy Information Administration.
- Waste discharges during the offshore oil and gas activity - Environmental effects of oil extraction.
- American Petroleum Institute - the trade association of the US oil industry.
- Bloomberg Energy Prices - current prices on world mercantile exchanges.
- Oil Marketer - oil news and market information.
- Oil in troubled waters - The Economist article on investor approaches to oil markets, supply, and future.
- Jorn Madslien BBC News online: "Stability fears rise as oil reliance grows".(October 26, 2004)
- Department of Energy EIA - World supply and consumption.
- Department of Energy EIA - Crude Oil and Total Petroleum Imports to USA.