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Jiangxi

Wen Tianxiang Memorial Park San Tin HK.

Wen Tianxiang's hometown in Ji'an, Jiangxi honors the famous national hero with a mausoleum. Exhibitions of paintings, calligraphy, and even army uniforms supposedly left by Wen are displayed in the Wen Family Ancestral Temple in Futian. The Wen Tianxiang Mausoleum is located in Wohushan.

Beijing

The Memorial to Prime Minister Wen Tianxiang was built in 1376, during the reign of the Ming Emperor Hongwu, by the Associate Commissioner of the Beiping (as the city was then called) Judiciary. The site of Wen's execution is thought to have been the firewood market in the "Teaching Loyalty District," near the entrance to Fuxue Alley in the East City District of Beijing, and today the memorial stands on the northern side of the entrance to South Fuxue Alley near Beixinqiao, on the grounds of the Fuxue Alley Primary School. According to one modern scholar, however, the execution grounds during the thirteenth century were located in the southern part if the city and the majority of executions during the Ming and Qing dynasties were carried out there as well.

The memorial contains only a fragment of a stela, while the remainder of its contents has become part of the permanent collection of the Beijing Bureau of Cultural Relics. According to historical records, there was once a memorial archway outside the memorial's eastern wall inscribed with "Teaching Loyalty District" (Jiaozhongfang), the old name of that section of Beijing. "The Song Dynasty's Top Ranking Scholar and Prime Minister, the West River's Filial Son and Loyal Subject," is carved into the columns of the memorial's main hall. In the center of the hall stands a sculpture Wen Tianxiang holding an official tablet before him. To the left of Wen' s likeness, and below with the 32-character "Clothes and Belt Inscription"which ends with the lines" and today and ever after his conscience is clear," four large inscribed wooden plaques hang inside the hall. They read, "Loyalty and devotion to old friends"; "Righteousness in heaven and on earth"; "The utmost in benevolence and justice"; and "The Song Dynasty survives here." A screen bears the complete text of Wen Tianxiang' s Song of Righteousness (Zhengqige). 4

The memorial once housed three ancient scholar trees, as well as a "Prime Minister" elm and a date tree, with their branches and trunk leaning very noticeably southward. According to local legend, these trees represented Wen Tianxiang' s longing for his old home in the south. The three scholar trees disappeared long ago, but the date tree is still thriving.

Hong Kong

The San Tin village in the New Territories of Hong Kong, has many residents surnamed "Wen" ("Man" in Cantonese). The "Wen" villagers trace their ancestry to Wen Tianxiang via Wen Tianshui (Man Tin-Sui), also a famous Song Dynasty general and the cousin of Wen Tianxiang.

A Wen Tianxiang Memorial Park and "Wen" ancestral hall and residences (Tai Fu Tai) in San Tin are a popular historical attraction in Hong Kong.

  • 人生自古誰無死,留取丹心照汗青。-None since the advent of time have escaped death, may my loyalty forever illuminate the annals of history.
Crossing Lonely Sea
Delving in the Book of Change, I rose through hardship great,
And desperately fought the foe for four long years;
Like willow catkin, the war-torn land looks desolate,
I sink or swim as duckweed in the rain appears.
For perils on Perilious Beach, I heaved and sighed,
On Lonely Sea now, I feel dreary and lonely;
Since olden days, which man has lived and not died?
I'll leave a loyalist name in history!
Translated by Xu YuanZhong 5

See also

  • History of the Song Dynasty
  • List of Chinese people
  • Chancellor of China
  • Wang Anshi
  • Sima Guang
  • Fan Zhongyan
  • Qin Hui

Notes

  1. ↑ Introduction to Yang Ye. "Writ in Blood": Wen Tianxiang's Lyric Songs, University of California, Riverside. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  2. ↑ Memorial to Prime Minister Wen, China Internet Information Center. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  3. ↑ Introduction to Yang Ye,"Writ in Blood": Wen Tianxiang's Lyric Songs, University of California, Riverside. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  4. ↑ Memorial to Prime Minister Wen, China Internet Information Center. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
  5. ↑ Wen TianXiang Poetry, www.chinapage.org. Retrieved December 15, 2007.

References

  • Burgess, David J. 1985. Wen Tianxiang a preliminary study of his life and poetry. Thesis (M.A.)-George Washington University.
  • Brown, William Andres. 1986. WEN T'IEN-HSIANG: A Biographical Study of a Sung Patriot. Chinese Materials Center Publications. ISBN 0896446433
  • Barnstone, Tony, and Ping Chou. 2004. The Anchor book of Chinese poetry. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 0385721986 ISBN 9780385721
  • Fuller, Michael A. Intellectual and Aesthetic Contexts for Wen Tianxiang's Poetry. University of California, Irvine.
  • Liu, Wuji, and Irving Yucheng Lo. 1975. Sunflower splendor three thousand years of Chinese poetry. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books. ISBN 0385097166 ISBN 9780385097161
  • Tong, Yuanfang. 2000. Two journeys to the north a comparative study of the poetic journals of Wen T'ien-hsiang and Wu Mei-ts'un = Wen Tianxiang yu Wu Meicun : liang zu bei xing shi de bi jue yan jiu. Taipei, Taiwan: Bookman Books. ISBN 9575868501 ISBN 9789575868505
  • Ye, Yang. Writ in Blood: Wen Tianxiang's Lyric Songs. University of California, Riverside.
  • Yuan-fang Tung. Writing Poetry as Diary: Wen Tianxiang's Poem Series. The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

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